Chris Roberts On Life After Crowdfunding, Games Vs Film

Star Citizen has made $8 million thanks to the contributions of generously wistful wing commanders like you. That’s so much money that, if you broke it down into individual bills and wrapped it around the Earth, you’d have wrapped $8 million around the Earth. And while Chris Roberts obviously had high hopes for his galaxy-sized baby, even he wasn’t expecting to drum up this level of interest. But Star Citizen’s not like the majority of gaming’s freshly crowdfunded crop. Somewhere way up the chain, investors are pulling a decent number of the strings. Or are they? “We’re still doing investment,” Roberts explained to RPS, “but I’m going to be a bit more picky in choosing it, and I’m getting to dictate the terms better. I’m saying, ‘You guys have to realize about making the game as good as possible. No forcing us to go public or to sell out.'” You’ll find that and tons more about the sudden explosion of space games, the future health of PC gaming, the medium’s relative maturity, and crossovers between games and film after the break.

RPS: So crowdfunding obviously went even better than you’d hoped. What happens now – especially since you’re working with a number of investors and other third-parties?

Chris Roberts: It’s actually funny. Everyone I lined up is basically over the moon. Your big risk as an investor is, “I’m backing this thing. Does anyone really want it?” At this point there’s no question that people want it, and maybe a lot more than anyone was expecting. But the actual nice thing about it is that’s allowing me to take less investment, because we’ve done so well. We’re still doing investment, but I’m going to be a bit more picky in choosing it, and I’m getting to dictate the terms better.

Whether it’s a publisher or an investor, they’re about making a profit and a return. I care about making a great game. The bad situation we’d be in, if I hadn’t done the crowdfunding and I had to get a bunch of money from a VC, first of all they would get a bigger chunk of the company. Then they’re more about, “Hey, I need my return.” If it were successful they’d be pushing us to sell to EA or something. We may not want to sell – we’d want to keep it private and be like Valve and keep doing our own thing.

But because we’ve been so successful, and we’re still collecting on the site, now the investors are going to get a much smaller piece of the company than they were before.

I feel like what’s really good about the success we’ve had is it allows me to run Cloud Imperium – the company making Star Citizen – in a way that’s all about making Star Citizen the best game it can be. I’m not having to worry about that. It’s the same reason you don’t want to work with a publisher. I don’t have to worry about, “Oh, I’m supporting Origin because that’s your digital platform.” It’s turned out well. We have the original investors who were already in, and we have some more that we were going to close afterward. We’re in the process of closing them, but like I said, we’re getting less and I’m being more picky about it, which is good. I’m saying, “You guys have to realize about making the game as good as possible. No forcing us to go public or to sell out.” As a designer, I care about making the best game, making the decisions for the game, and not about anything else.

RPS: So you launched the Kickstarter for Star Citizen, and ever since, it seems like there’s been this giant influx of space games. It may not entirely have been a direct cause-and-effect thing, but still, it’s there. I mean, we’ve got Elite…

Chris Roberts: Limit Theory?

RPS: Yeah, Limit Theory too. I’m guessing you’ve checked it out?

Chris Roberts: I did. I backed Limit Theory and Elite. I actually told our community about Elite and GODUS by Peter Molyneux and said they should check them out. I think I helped send a few people their way. But no, I’m not worried on the competition side. When I used to be making Wing Commander, there was X-Wing and TIE Fighter, and I was doing great and they were doing great. I think there’s definitely room for multiple people in the genre.

I’m just glad that people are coming back to the genre. I feel like the games are a bit different anyway. But it’s nice to see a resurgence of it.

The other thing I like to see is developers getting the opportunity to have some independence. It’s quite nice that you can make a game specifically for the audience, instead of a middleman like a publisher. Basically, instead of working from contract to contract and being beholden to the publishers, you have a chance of getting some independence. I’m a big supporter of that.

RPS: Do you worry about fatigue for space as a setting, at all? I mean, I love it, but gaming already goes there a lot, and – while I think we’re a ways off from hitting this point – there is a limit to what you can do with dogfighting, trading, bounty hunting, and the like.

Chris Roberts: Right now I look at the things we talked about, like Limit Theory, and I feel like fundamentally they’re going to be very different experiences from what I’m doing with Star Citizen.

I’m lucky that I’ve raised the money I have and the backing that I’m getting. I’m doing something with a huge budget compared to most crowdfunded games. I’m making something that’s competing with a triple-A title from a publisher. The other projects don’t necessarily have that level of resources. Maybe I should be, but right now I’m not that worried about it. In my head, I can see what Star Citizen is and I have an idea of what Elite is going to be and I have an idea of what Limit Theory is going to be. I just feel like they’re going to feel different.

I don’t think people are going to mind. I think people love these kinds of games. They want to play them year-in and year-out. That’s why they’re signing up for the idea of a Star Citizen or an Elite. I don’t think there will be an oversaturation. I mean, come on. How many first-person shooters are out there? I know some don’t do very well, but that’s usually because they suck. There’s 25 million people that trot out to buy Call of Duty every year. I think the market’s there. We’re far from getting saturated.

Plus, Star Citizen is going to be… Yes, you’re flying around in space, but you’re also down on planets. You’re talking to people. You’re trading. I think you’re going to feel like Star Citizen is a pretty well-realized world on all levels.

I think that’s going to feel very different from the other games. They’re focusing more on a procedural solution, which is a way to have big universes when you don’t have a vast amount of resources. It’s hard to vocalize it, but the way I would say it is, I think you’re going to be able to almost feel or touch or taste the world of Star Citizen. Some of the other ones, you may not have that same experience. It’s going to just feel more visceral. I don’t see anyone else doing that. Maybe I’m wrong? I could be completely wrong. But I feel like, when you sit down and first play it in the persistent universe, you’ll think, “Wow. This is pretty awesome. I want to spend time in it.”

RPS: Going back to the crowdfunding thing and the level of success you were able to achieve with it, Kickstarter’s bar for success is definitely getting higher. Do you think that what you did is achievable again? For you or other people?

Chris Roberts: The only thing you know in this world is that every record will always get broken. We’ll definitely be beaten. There will be something that will raise more money than we do. I don’t know if it’s this year or next year, but it will definitely fall.

I think what there will have to be is that there need to be some really great successes. There’s been some successes on a smaller scale. FTL was a project that was Kickstarted and then the final game was really good. A lot of people liked it and they sold a lot more units than just the ones for the people backing it. But if Star Citizen works, or Tim Schafer’s adventure game works, or Wasteland works, or Elite works, [people will feel more willing].

The other thing is, if they feel like they backed it and, during the process of waiting for the game, they feel like they had input and they saw what was happening and they enjoyed that process, then I think you’ll see more people come in and embrace crowdfunding. My biggest goal with what we’re doing on the Star Citizen side is, I’m really focused on trying to keep everyone engaged and entertained while we’re building the game. Not just, “Thanks for the money, everybody. I’ll check back with you in two years.” It’s like, “Hey, you’re our community. Let’s have a dialogue every day.” We’re posting new stuff every day. That’s my goal. I want people, at the end of the process, to say, “I backed Star Citizen and I got my money’s worth even before it came out. Playing the game is a bonus.”

RPS: Throughout this whole process, you’ve been a very vocal advocate of PC gaming. But now all the major publishers are doing the typical “new consoles, ohboyohboyohboy” song and dance. Do you think they’re fooling themselves? Do consoles have much of a place in today’s gaming industry – especially in light of all that keeping PC open as a platform has accomplished? Not to mention tablet, mobile, and whatnot?

Chris Roberts: I’m not really worried about them, because first of all, I think every one of these things is a valid platform that has their own audience. I don’t think people are going to be throwing away the PC to be playing console games. I’ve always had a PC and a console. I’ve always played both. I think it’s going to be harder for the next generation of consoles to be as dominant as the past generation has been. Both the console manufacturers don’t want to write off billions of dollars. They don’t want to subsidize the hardware.

The hardware itself is not going to be much different or more powerful than even a mid-level PC. The component prices are all being driven down, so it’s going to be more about, “Do you want to be on an open platform or do you want to be on a closed platform?” For me an open platform is more interesting. I want a game that’s connected all the time, where I’m doing frequent updates and all these different things that, currently, if I were on PlayStation Network or Xbox Live, I couldn’t do.

It’s not so much about, “I’m part of the PC master race and you’re a puny console person.” It’s more a matter of whether you’re open or you’re closed. It’s why you’ve got League of Legends and all those. They’re on the PC because it’s open. It’s not an issue for them to distribute. But the business drives me nuts, because everybody in the trade obsesses about, “PC’s dead! Console is the new master race!” “Console is dead! Social games are the new master race!” Now mobile or tablet’s the new master race.

And you know what? There are people playing all these things. There are valid markets everywhere. Everywhere there’s proof of that. You can sell 29 million units of Call of Duty on a console. You can have tens of millions of people playing things like League of Legends and World of Tanks on PC. You can have tens of millions of people playing Clash of Clans on the mobile side. There’s not one ring to rule ‘em all, so to speak. There are different areas. It’s a matter of where you want to play. For me, Star Citizen works the best on the PC and online.

RPS: I’m guessing you’ve heard about David Cage’s recent “immaturity” rant. Unsurprisingly, a bunch of his comparisons stemmed from film. He was like, “Film and television can do this, so why can’t we?” Having been in the film industry, do you agree that the gaming industry has a ways to go before it can make the types of statements film regularly pulls off? Or is Cage way off the mark?

Chris Roberts: I’m sure David Cage likes movies, and I’m sure he’s a historian of movies. But go watch some movies from 1910 or 1920. They’re pretty immature compared to the movies you can see now. That’s just a natural process of growing as the medium changes. If you go and look at an old movie, it’s completely alien. They evolved from people that did stage acting, so originally it was just a fixed camera and everyone was projecting like they would on the stage. It’s really big, broad action. Of course, when they were doing silent movies, it was especially big action.

It’s only around the ‘70s that [things began to evolve into what they are now]. If I look at a film from the ‘70s, I start to see those much more, for me, human movies. In fact, now I feel like we’ve lost some of what we had back in the ‘70s. Some of the stuff now is almost too slick.

So yes, I definitely think that our industry is going to get better and evolve. It’s one of the reasons I came back into it, because I’m interested in doing that. If you’re talking about cinematic stuff, that’s what I was doing a long time ago. I’m interested to come back to the language of a narrative or a world, something you can adventure in. There’s a lot you can do now. Games are a different medium from films, but they both can take you to another world. That’s what I like about films and that’s what I like about games. They both can take you to another world. They just take you to another world in a different way. You have to embrace the medium you’re in and how it does that well.

RPS: Gaming’s in a far more interesting spot right now than I think Cage gave it credit for. A lot of the big triple-A projects are fairly stagnant, sure. They rehash a lot of the same themes – mostly basic power fulfillment. But we do have an independent sector that’s trying a lot of pretty out-there stuff. And crowdfunding seems to be allowing a little overlap. Slightly more robust experiments – though nothing on the scale of, say, Call of Duty, obviously.

Chris Roberts: I definitely think the independent side and some of the crowdfunding is allowing that experimentation. Not so much experimentation like on the big-budget stuff that David Cage is doing, because you can’t do that on $50,000 or $100,000 dollars, but certainly in terms of different gameplay mechanisms, ways to connect into the world, and all that sort of stuff. That’s one of the reasons why I embrace what’s happening in crowdfunding.

The movie business is having major problems. Either you’re a $200 million dollar event movie – and that’s gotta be a sequel or some big brand – so it’s very much like the Call of Duty business in games, or there are some independent films, and then really there’s nothing in between.

I feel like the games business is the middle ground. The games business is coming back because of crowdfunding and stuff. There are people that maybe don’t sell 10 million copies, but maybe they sell a million copies or something. They’re getting an opportunity to make a game again. Like Tim Schafer. He was never a guy that sold multiple millions of copies, but he had a core audience, and it was a good business in the old days, the LucasArts days. Then there was a point where, all of a sudden, if you’re not selling 3 million or 4 million copies, EA or Activision isn’t interested. Then he’s in a no-man’s-land. That’s what crowdfunding enabled to come back.

RPS: Speaking of the intersection between film and games, what are your thoughts on the announcement that Gabe Newell and JJ Abrams are fusing to form Gabe J Abrell? Or maybe making some movies and games. I forget which.

Chris Roberts: It’ll be cool. We’ll have to see. Since I have my film background, I know how busy [Abrams] is in the TV and film world. Not only is he finishing off Star Trek, but he’s signed on to produce future films. He’s got multiple TV shows on the air. Now he’s doing Star Wars, so we’ll see. If you have to be doing the next Star Wars, that’s probably coming ahead of the Portal movie you’re going to work on or whatever it is.

It would be great if something happened. The new generation of filmmakers get games, because they grew up playing games, it’s very different from the old generation. If you look at some of his TV stuff or his film stuff, you could almost accuse it of having game-like elements to it. It would be fun to see him collaborate with Valve, and they’re obviously great too.

RPS: Hm. That’s interesting, because we always say that games are tremendously influenced by films, but there are a lot of films, especially now, that are influenced by games. It’s written all over the cinematography, especially in action sequences. But I think it’s a pejorative a lot of the time. People say, “This movie felt like a video game. Yuck.”

Chris Roberts: Like it’s a bad thing, yeah. Obviously, because I’m a student of film as well as games. It’s not even about the games. It’s about the way we consume information. You get so much information so quickly. You see it in films. The editing is becoming more frantic. It’s quicker to get the information across. If you go and take a film of today and you stack it up against even a film from 10 years ago – if you literally put the two films next to each other – you’ll see the cutting pace and how long it goes and whatever. You’ll feel like the film from 10 years ago – like, “Oh my god, this is unbearably slow compared to what happens now.”

Part of that is because of video games and being online and the internet, where you just click-click-click, zipping around. It’s a different way of thinking. I don’t think necessarily that being like a video game is a bad idea. I mean, now when they say it’s like a video game, they mean it doesn’t have any character. It’s just all on the surface and big explosions. My goal, long-term, would be to fix that.

I do think games themselves, long-term, as a storytelling medium or an immersion medium, [can surpass film]. If you watch Star Wars, Star Trek, whatever, it’s because you like to visit another world. As an immersion medium, gaming is ultimately going to be more powerful than any film can be, because there is inherently a difference between watching someone do something and doing it yourself. The question and the problem in games right now is, doing it yourself… There’s always been a level of awkwardness associated with it, whether it’s the technical reasons, or how the world’s painted is a bit childish or amateurish or whatever. But as time goes on and that changes, you will have more powerful experiences inside a game than you will watching a movie. Not today, but I think in the long term.

RPS: Thank you for your time.


  1. pakoito says:

    >“I’m part of the PC master race and you’re a puny console person.”


    link to

  2. Tyrmot says:

    Great interview, glad I backed this one! Let’s hope it is as good as it seems it could be…

  3. frightlever says:

    “It’s only around the ‘70s that [things began to evolve into what they are now]. If I look at a film from the ‘70s, I start to see those much more, for me, human movies. In fact, now I feel like we’ve lost some of what we had back in the ‘70s. Some of the stuff now is almost too slick.”

    12 Angry Men, 1957. That is all.

    • LennyLeonardo says:

      One mutation is not evolution.
      Ha! I’m so clever. Wheeeeeeeee…….ee…e..

    • Premium User Badge

      Risingson says:

      And just to say an example. Chris Roberts is supposed to be a movie fan, as the Wing Commander saga is even more “classic war film” than Star Wars. It is true that the language of the Hollywood movies changed in the 70s, but for many reasons, being the main one the demise of the Production Code. You mentioned a great Lumet one, but calling all the classic movies until the 70s “not as human” is as, sorry, stupid, as the generalization made by David Cage, and something that was very surprising to read from a man so obviously cultivated as him.

      Anyway, I trust him as a game designer and it’s great to see such enthusiasm.

  4. Gap Gen says:

    I’m really glad that the crowdfunding worked out so well for them. They put a lot of effort into the pitch, and it paid off.

  5. Oozo says:

    I hate to be that guy, but…

    “But go watch some movies from 1910 or 1920. They’re pretty immature compared to the movies you can see now.”

    Because the movies by Lang, Murnau, Eisenstein, Keaton, Chaplin, von Stroheim, Wiene, Dreyer, Lubitsch etc. were all so “immature”?

    (I know what he means. He’s speaking in the broadest of terms, and there obviously was an evolution of the medium/art form since, but still. “Immature” is so damn wide off the mark. Words! We need better ones! … at least if we absolutely insist on arguing that games are still in their infancy/growing up/the best is yet to come/the future is bright/one day we will all be crying and talking to the monsters etc. It’s a… difficult argument at the best of times, but referring to an era like the 1920s in movies as “immature” and saying that “human movies” started in the 70s will definitely not win anyone over to his cause.)

    PS Ok, he said “for me”. Still, the argument stands.

    • Lord Custard Smingleigh says:

      I propose he use the new term “gargantiblops“, which I have just invented. It means what he meant to say in a nicely precise and concise manner.

      • Oozo says:

        “gargantiblops” is a specufalious word, I think. Officially accepted.

    • dftaylor says:

      I think he was talking in terms of filming and editing. That looser filming and slicker, more creative editing styles only really came to prominence in US movies in the 70s. You can find elements of it before, like in Easy Rider, but that deconstruction of established rules really came to light with Scorcese, Bogdanovich, Coppola, etc.

    • Sparkasaurusmex says:

      Maturity comes with age. Immature just means that the medium has a long way to grow.
      He isn’t talking about themes, but the medium itself. The themes can be very mature, but games are a relatively young (immature) medium.

      • Oozo says:

        Well, the problem is: “Immature” implies that there’s a point of maturity somewhere, and that everything that came before it was just working up to that point. But where was that point for cinema? Was it the mystical “Citizen Kane”-treshold? Or “New Hollywood”, as Robert’s is hinting at? In that line of thinking, it would be much more consequent to say that a movie like “Transformers 2” is more “mature”, because it can make use of techniques that simply did not exist yet in the 70s.

        (Notice: he’s not saying that “cinema” or “the technology” or even “the aesthetics” were not mature in the 20s. He’s saying that the movies weren’t. And that’s just highly problematic. You could easily argue that the great directors of that time were fully capable of making mature movies, thematically, yes, but also technically, with the measures they had at their hands. If you do not accept that a movie can be “mature” before the medium has reached a mystical point of maturity, you’re up for one hell of a bet with the future and could just be chasing a unicorn. If you do draw the line somewhere, though, there are tons of reasons for not drawing it as late as the 1970s in movies, or a point-yet-to-come in some distant future for games.)

  6. Teovald says:

    I misread and thought it was another Chris Taylor interview :(. Too bad, I am curious of GPG future.
    I should have known it was not him when I have seen that there is no ‘starring eyes’ tag on that article.

  7. Squirly says:

    “Tim Shafer’s adventure game” – am I the only bothered by the fact that the game that started this whole kickstarter craze and was really successful doesn’t even have a god-damn name? or a proper concept? or anything other than “ITS AN AVDENTRUE GAEM!”

    • Sucram says:

      For the Kickstarter it was called ‘ Double Fine Adventure’ and it’s development codename is ‘Reds’.

    • Harlander says:

      Personally, I’m going to persist in my delusion that FTL started the kickstarter craze.

    • bigjig says:

      You… haven’t seen any of production documentary have you..

      • Squirly says:

        I have actually, and I admit I’m being a bit unfair. I guess maybe I’m just spoiled by those kickstarters that have … something more.

  8. dftaylor says:

    I found a lot of what he had to say interesting. How old is gaming? 40 years old? Cinema across the world was getting much more ambitious by that point. In Hollywood, they were picking up expressionist styles that informed film noir – so less sympathetic characters, bleaker endings, amorality.

    Classics like The Maltese Falcon, Double Indemnity, Gilda, etc were all B-movies. The A-movies were largely lowest-common denominator, family-friendly affairs. The innovation that led to the great auteur-era of cinema through the late 50s to the late 70s started at that point. And in many cases, those films were not big hits.

    It’s very easy to assume that, because they’re accepted now, they were mainstream then. Anyway, that’s a very US-centric view – the rest of the world’s film industry was going very different places. So his point about “immaturity” is a little narrow.

    Independent gaming should provide a bedrock of talent and ideas that will filter into the mainstream. Sure, something like “Home” and it’s 8-bit graphics might turn off the mainstream, but imagine if Benjamin Rivers had the budget of Heavy Rain? I think we’ll see more of that.

    Great interview.

  9. Beybars says:

    Good man, glad I backed Star Citizen, now where’s the concept for my ship? I think the majority of backers chose the 40$ option and got the Aurora, so makes sense to have a concept for it first.

  10. guygodbois00 says:

    Great Scott! Excellent interview, Mr Grayson.

  11. derbefrier says:

    Nice interview can’t wait to get my hands on my Constellation. This game just can’t come out fast enough.

  12. SuicideKing says:

    Nathan. Promise me you’ll ask him about making FreeSpace 3 if SC is a success. Please?

    Volition is just mean.


    • Turey says:

      It’s not Volition’s fault.

      Volition would kill to make FreeSpace 3

      They need the license, and they need funding. So far, they’ve been unable to purchase the license from Interplay’s perpetually resurrecting corpse, but now with THQ dead, they’ve got a new publisher who has previously published the X3 games during the time when Space Sims were dead. Hopefully Deep Silver realizes that they’ve got a great opportunity there and purchases the license to make another FreeSpace.

      • SuicideKing says:

        Sad excuse, that licence thingy. You think THQ couldn’t have bought it? The problem is this:

        “oh man, that game is so beloved. I did a bunch of missions for both games and it’s so dear to my heart I can’t even tell you. The problem we had was FreeSpace* 2 didn’t sell as well…

        Because Interplay didn’t market it! I think they were promoting some crappy Star trek thing at that time.

        But Volition and everyone else interpreted that as “people didn’t like it… because they didn’t have joysticks?” Or something.

        And he says he has no data to support the fact that people want space sims! STAR CITIZEN IS THE DATA HE’S LOOKING FOR. If it was a licensing issue, he would have said it in the interview.

        I *wish* that RPS could interview Volition about some random game and ask them about FS3 in the process.

        Anyway, more about the sales here:
        link to

        *corrected “Freescape”

  13. VLKR says:

    Very excited for Star Citizen and I can’t wait to see how the game turns out. It really gets under my skin, though, that Chris – and a few other figureheads like him – take overmuch credit for the game’s development, direction and production. Even Molyneux, the bloated cad that he is, tries to impress upon people that it’s a team effort, and the majority of the credit for the game rests with the team itself.

    This interview, and pretty much all the others, leak the troubling juices of Chris Roberts’ self-importance.

    • Arglebargle says:

      I know may appear to be a Star Citizen’s ‘Debbie Downer’, but I am not surprised. “Arrogant” was a word I heard a lot when discussing Roberts with ex-Origin friends. So not completely surprised that the team aspect has been missing from his interviews. There seems to be this auteur theory fascination with heads of projects in gaming. Deserved in some instances possibly, but absolutely not in others. It’s not like the guy wrote every line of code, wrote each line of dialogue, lined up every clever situation in those games. Folks also seem to forget the years-long delays of some of the projects he helmed, and the hundreds of thousands of hours of work wasted.

      I am fairly suspicious of someone who, having played out a string of subpar commercial failures in Hollywood, suddenly comes to rediscover his great love of gaming. I suspect the game will never live up to the early hype of fundraising love.

  14. Strangerator says:

    How much of that 8 million is going to hiring live actors!? I’m surprised the mid 90’s spree of live action cutscenes in video games didn’t get mentioned.