Premature Evaluation: The Magic Circle

One of the things I like most about The Magic Circle is its name. It captures the illusory nature of these conjured worlds, their potential for wonder and the artistry that informs them. Celebrated sentient beard and author Alan Moore has, in his mischievous way, declared himself a magician and all art a kind of magic. Defining art as the act of creating illusions to work an effect on the mind of the audience, he claims this is as close to a shamanistic understanding of magic as we have in this century.

Each week Marsh Davies plays unfinished and broken games on Early Access and usually tries to come up with an introductory sentence which says exactly this while using imagery appropriate to the idiom of the given week’s game. But the idiom of this week’s game is being an unfinished and broken game! So, job done. It’s The Magic Circle [Steam page], a game set within a game, in which the player edits the properties of the world around him while exploring the strata of the game’s many abandoned developmental stages, unravelling the story of its creators in the process.

I have tamed Jim Rossignol’s bumhole. I’ve also made Jim Rossignol’s bumhole fireproof, which is just as well, since Jim Rossignol’s bumhole spews gouts of flame when angered. Jim Rossignol’s bumhole has a lightning rod jammed in it, too, which deactivates forcefields. With my latest effort, Jim Rossignol’s bumhole has sprouted a little propeller, allowing Jim Rossignol’s bumhole to fly about. John Walker’s angry red Weeto has many of the same properties, and it should surprise no one that Alec Meer’s huge husky third leg is shaped like a ginormous mushroom.

He has a point etymologically. Grimoire and grammar. Spells and spelling. The act of writing itself is bound by the very language that describes it to notions of magic. And if writing is magic, then why not games, too? In fact, why not games *more*? They are unprecedented among media in their ability to transport, to permit creation, interaction and manipulation.

Jim Rossignol’s bumhole is – of course! – an ugly AI dog-monster, whose name is just one of a large number of editable fields, which, when tweaked, imbue him with various properties. Diving into an edit mode, you can flip flags for the AI’s behaviour, and if you’ve “learnt” the verbs for it, Jim Rossignol’s bumhole can float or fly. You can choose with whom he’s allied, whom he attacks, and by what means. The Magic Circle is a game about game development itself, in which you play an interloper, an errant playtester committing sabotage in the code of an unreleased vaporware epic. The principle system by which this is expressed is through the editing of AI attributes, stealing properties from defeated foes, and using them to empower your allies, until you have a small army of flying, flame-barfing beasts at your disposal. Maybe then, you can take on the Gods of this world – the game’s bickering, despondent developers themselves, locked in a crunch-cycle that has lasted ten years.

It’s an idea I like very much – having the player explore in first person the ossified layers of abandoned development as the troubled project jinks and u-turns through various thematic eras. The Gods themselves are present here, at least at scripted intervals, sweeping through the landscape as giant floating eyes, editing and deleting, tussling for creative control. Their personal battles also play out through developer commentaries and other audio diaries – though the reasons why office chatter and other personal observations make their way into the game are a bit of a narrative stretch. Using this canvas, The Magic Circle’s developers (the real-life ones, not the in-game ones) play with the literacy of the players themselves, unpicking mechanical cliches, exposing the human drama and developmental struggles which lie behind them. If you’ve ever spluttered with irritation at an imbalanced enemy, broken hit-detection or unclear signposting, The Magic Circle has pithy explanations for how such obvious errors could come to be.

While I’m generally resistant to gamedev neologisms, I particularly like Tadgh Kelly’s definition of gaming as a “thaumatic” art form - deriving from the Greek for wonder or miracle. He says: “All games pull players into worlds with their own rules, and players have the capacity to believe that that world has some kind of tangible existence outside of themselves. It seems like a real place, and the player is more than just himself manipulating levers for fun. He develops a sense of meaning, that the place has an identity and a feeling that matters for some reason.”

One of the pitfalls of this however, is that often you find yourself playing an unfinished, broken game set in a stridently ugly fantasy world, whose clumsy polys are rendered as a crude, pseudo-cel-shaded sketch. This is, unlike the vast majority of Early Access releases, largely by design, but I’m not entirely sure that helps much. Those low-level interactions that players subliminally enjoy – the precision of collision, the pace of movement and the arc of a jump – feel all out of whack here, and the in-fiction explanation doesn’t do much to make glitching off some peculiarly slippery block during a ghastly, punishing platforming challenge feel any less abrasive.

I also have reservations about the way the game’s central AI-behaviour-changing system operates. The devs suggest that some of this may be tweaked based on player feedback during its six week stay in Early Access, but, even with this caveat acknowledged, I have to confess that I just don’t find it all that systemically interesting. The variance and combination of abilities doesn’t really create surprising synergies or complex interactions. When the narrative motivations of the world are stripped away, the mechanistic impulses currently feel as bare and linear as a point-and-click’s trammelled solutions: go here and kill this enemy to attain its ability so you can go there and kill that enemy.

The name The Magic Circle also gestures towards a kind of guarded elitism which is one of the central conflicts of the game, and, increasingly, game development at large. At its heart is a struggle for creative authorship, initially among developers of the project and then later with their fans. It’s a battle we are seeing across the industry, as gamers increasingly believe they are entitled to determine the fate of the games they enjoy.

What freedoms you do have to play creatively with the system are constricted in odd ways that have yet to enhance the strategy of the game for me. The nouns and verbs which constitute your available choices for AI attributes are a limited resource; strip a “flying” flag from a creature and you can dole it back out to just one other. I don’t really see the reason why it shouldn’t just be permanently available once acquired – it just means you spend more time clicking on dead bodies to strip their nouns, and, having solved the “puzzle” of which creature will give you what necessary skill, there’s no real suspense or excitement in having too few opportunities to apply it.

Similarly, behavioural edits happen per creature, rather than globally to their entire species – and I’ve yet to find an instance in which the efficiency of the latter would not be preferable. Creatures must be summoned to be physically in front of you in order to edit them, which, when you have a small army of minions, is not the ideal interface to pick and choose among them. There’s one occasion when you find an enemy which does disseminate its characteristics to creatures within its hive, but it can’t be summoned, meaning that in order to edit its subsidiaries, as I found I needed to repeatedly, I had to traipse across a large chunk of the map from the nearest quick-travel location. Weirdly, there is no run button.

Part of this is just the sort of greedy petulance that inspires people to petition Valve, demanding that they be told what’s going on with Half-Life 3, because, somehow, they’ve convinced themselves they deserve a bigger kickback from the hard work of enjoying something. And demanding a change to the ending of Mass Effect? Get out of here. Criticise all you like, but, regardless of how you felt it failed you, you have to resist any desire to actively meddle with the creativity of others - especially if you love the thing that they do. The alternative is focus tested banality. Creative death. No friction. No surprises.

Combat itself is hugely unglamorous and hard to parse – the developer characters even comment on how crude it is. But this means it’s hard to see if your solution to a puzzle is working, whether the skills with which you have equipped your creatures are sufficient. In several battles, the enemy had such a large, invisible health pool, and no way to indicate that it was taking damage, that I had no idea if my creatures were doing anything to it at all. After quite a while of watching Jim Rossignol’s bumhole being skewered, and resurrecting him from our shared life-pool, I was poised to give up – then the suddenly enemy died. At that very moment, I was clicking to resurrect John Walker’s angry red Weeto, but the game retargeted my resurrection ability to the enemy, bringing it back to full life straight away, forcing me to fight the entire tedious thing again.

Maybe that’s just bad luck: I don’t hold it against the game. And, with regard to my larger dissatisfactions, I’m sure I’m doing something wrong. Maybe I’m not seeing some part of the system correctly, or I just haven’t made enough of an effort to min-max my creatures’ stats – but it’s at least partly because this stuff feels fussy and obscured. The interfaces for the game are, in keeping with its aesthetic, clumsy and unappealing.

But, as I say, this is only part. Gaming is less like other media in that it asks a much more participatory role of its audience, and that degree of participation is now often huge. Games like EVE live and die on their audience’s effort - perhaps more than any other game, let alone MMO, EVE’s developers are in partnership with their playerbase to create the game, and woe has befallen them every time they’ve forgotten this.

More successful is the aesthetic switch between different eras of the game’s development: the monochromatic fantasy world gives way to a deprecated sci-fi-horror setting, reminiscent of System Shock, and it attentively recaptures that game’s palette and resolution. But the game never quite makes a case for why these settings – the cliches of which are affectionately lampooned – appealed to their developers or what the designs strived to do. It establishes the lead developer as a megalomaniacal auteur trying to recapture his fading glory, but never really explains his genius or gives reason why his earlier games touched people’s lives.

It’s perhaps not fair to hold it to a standard of another medium, but I can’t help but compare The Magic Circle to Austin Grossman’s novel, YOU, also set across the arduous development cycle of a long-awaited game, and often within the game, too. It exhaustively explains just how bold and ambitious the early, simulatory RPGs like Ultima were; what pioneers their developers were; how weird, intricate and exotic such layered, historied developments can become; what it means to be a player, creator or an inhabitant of such worlds.

And now we have things like Kickstarter and Early Access - both means by which players are asked to invest in the development of a game. Legally, “investment” is perhaps not the right term to use, as backers and early adopters are given few of the protections or rights of a true investor. “Donation” is the actual transaction a good deal of the time, and it’s often very hard to tell that from “pissing your money into the ether”. I do not level this accusation at The Magic Circle by any means, but its title once again proves thematically astute about game development in 2015: sometimes it’s just a cheap trick.

The Magic Circle just doesn’t muster the same depth in its analysis, though it gestures towards many of the same themes and attempts introspection via a cute appropriation of game dev tools. I remained entertained: it has some tremendous, energetic vocal performances, and a cleverly orchestrated four-way struggle among its leading characters – the auteur unable to realise his vision, the burnt-out dev trying to get herself fired, the obsessive fan and an abandoned AI protagonist. It treads an awkward path between satirical caricature and more earnest attempts to humanise these characters. But, ultimately, given a world intentionally constructed from cliche, and only part-constructed at that, The Magic Circle felt to me a little glib, lacking, in fact, the very magic which animates this weird and wonderful medium.

The Magic Circle is available from Steam for £13.50 until May 20th and £15 thereafter until its full release. I played version 1357 on 13/05/2015, although, on reflection, that may be an in-fiction build number.


  1. Eight Rooks says:

    Thank you! So it’s not just me. This pretty much echoes all my complaints, only I’m more ticked off about them – the systems just aren’t that interesting, the game does nothing to tempt you to experiment with them, and the world(s) and characters they inhabit are never successfully established as something anyone would get that excited about. I didn’t really care about playing it, I didn’t really care about the story, and the ceaseless meta-gags pretty much all just grated – each one landing with the subtlety of a hammer in a bucket (lol, Kinect is a pain in the rear, lol! lol, E3 – I mean, E4, ho ho ho – is a bit silly really, lol!). I got to what I assumed was the finale and just… quit out and walked away, so to speak. Haven’t been back, don’t know if I will. A huge disappointment for me, probably the biggest disappointment of any creative work I’ve experienced so far this year.

    • Eight Rooks says:

      I mean, just to elaborate a little on the praise you’re giving it which I would argue it doesn’t deserve:

      it has some tremendous, energetic vocal performances, and a cleverly orchestrated four-way struggle among its leading characters – the auteur unable to realise his vision, the burnt-out dev trying to get herself fired, the obsessive fan and an abandoned AI protagonist

      I thought far too much of the voice acting was average at best – that none of the cast really gave more than Saturday morning cartoon readings of their lines – and to be fair to them I don’t think it helped that none of the four are ever given any further meaningful detail than you’ve just spelt out there. And yes, I picked up a whole bunch of the audio logs. All four of them are as shallow as a puddle.

    • Marsh Davies says:

      It does something clever after what I’m assuming you assume to be the finale – but I’ve refrained from explicitly mentioning what that is. At least, it’s a clever idea, but I also have some disappointment with the way it works. It might be worth playing a bit further just to see that, though I suspect it won’t change your mind.

      • Eight Rooks says:

        Yeah, I admit I’m walking away knowing it’s probably going to pull another twist – I mean, given the number of achievements there are left, if nothing else. It was just for want of a better word. But no, I doubt it’s going to change my mind. I can appreciate the effort that must have gone into it, but I just don’t think any of it really “works” – it is practically vacant up to the point I reached. It tells you nothing meaningful about why the characters are the way they are – I’ve heard why Ish is the way he is, for example, I’ve heard his one ambiguous explanation of how it’s influenced the game, and that’s it. None of the other clips with him say anything beyond him being arch and aloof or an egotistical blowhard.

        And they’re all like that. Why is Coda so worked up about the game and its history? There’s absolutely nothing in there to suggest why it means anything to her beyond vague babbling about the role of the fans/the players. What is it that drives Maze beyond a sort of vague disdain for the world and one silly story about the concept of a “gamer” versus a “troll”? What is the Old Pro beyond a font of clumsy exposition? (His voice acting was especially bad – I cringed every time I heard him leaning on every YOU ARE IN A VIDEOGAME, BOSS, DO YOU UNDERSTAND WHAT I’M TELLING YOU line for all it was worth.) How does this world make sense that the rumour of a lost, half-assed System Shock tribute which doesn’t actually do or contain much of anything can apparently send fans into paroxysms of joy, and yet we’ve got sentient programs running around inside this company’s intranet hacking the Gibson, as it were?

        Sorry, I’ll stop. I appreciate you trying to provide a balanced appraisal, Miles, and you clearly liked it more than me – I envy you being able to get as much fun out of it as you did. But I just really, really don’t think it’s very good, and I wouldn’t recommend it to anyone. :(

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    keithzg says:

    Definitely sounds like one would have to be in the right mood and frame of mind to really enjoy it. I do feel like many of the aspects here would tickle my fancy, so perhaps I’ll wishlist this one and keep an eye out for a sale. I feel in a weird way there’s a parallel here with much of the discussion that’s gone around lately concerning things like Game of Thrones, that is to say, specifically around the depictions of rape. No, stay with me here! I mean that there’s a tricky needle one has to thread when trying to comment meaningfully in a form of entertainment about something that isn’t pleasant.

    What I mean is, if you depict an enjoyable fantasy swordfighting game or action film full of explosions, and then you try but fail to say “something more” about some related theme or aspect of the world as depicted in the game or movie or whatnot, well at least there’s some fun stabbing or pretty explosions, and so it can remain entertaining. But if you’re presenting inherently unenjoyable things—broken game systems or deplorable acts that are extremely uncomfortable to watch, for examples—then if you don’t really manage to pull off the intelligent and/or unique commentary part all that the audience is left with is an unenjoyable experience, and everyone wonders why you didn’t just stick with the fun stuff.

    Especially with games, which traditionally have leaned heavily on reward systems, this definitely discourages attempts at more “prestige” (for lack of a better term) approaches. After all, the task of making a game like this unequivocally engaging and enjoyable is far harder than for a “normal” game, and the penalties of falling short are similarly greater than normal. So while I wish more games tried to go in the direction that The Magic Circle appears to have tried, I certainly can’t blame most devs for not choosing the harder and also more punishing route.

  3. The Sombrero Kid says:

    This game reminds me of Hollywood films set in LA about a struggling writer, i found those films immensely cringe worthy, especially given there are so many of them, each with so little to say. But being a game developer, i found the game development equivalent cathartic, the fact it’s a one of a kind should’ve allowed it done leeway imo, i mean people are STILL applauding Quintin Tarantino for having nothing to say except how many bad films he’s seen.

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    phuzz says:

    I can’t believe you missed the obvious magic circle/bumhole joke. ;)

  5. Ashrand says:

    The participatory element of games is something that’s still leaves me unsettled in a lot of cases, imagine the Mona Lisa but with the bottom half filled in by each observer, i feel like you would encounter the same thing, the stifling of an authorial voice as they desperately try and match all views to their vision and make each experience worthwhile.
    It also seems to be the source of gaming humors fascination with Farce and Juxtaposition, when you are in charge of half the end product it becomes simple to see the Authored half as the straight man, there only to set up jokes (I’m going to dress as a character that shouldn’t move, then stand there while WACKY HI-JINKS ENSUE!)
    The perils of it still being a new medium are evident and it’s heartening in that context to see the most successful kickstarters coming from auteurs of a different age, or people aping their style Gaming, as a whole, still clearly wants a particular thematic voice.

  6. Manburger says:

    Another excellent edition of PE! Clever chap, that Davies :D
    Always a pleasure to read. Reigning alt-text champ!