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  1. #1
    Network Hub Ash_firelord's Avatar
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    Jul 2011

    Analysis: Limbo and what it all means

    There's this conversation piece by the good folks at on different takes on Limbo. It's a nice read and it illustrates how the game mechanics and design combine to let the developer make a point about the behavior of the player.

    (Some "spoilers" at the end, they will be dully signposted but really, either you're going to play the game or not, and if you are undecided, you should play it)

    The interesting thing to me, however - and one of the great merits of interactive storytelling, in my opinion - is that I got a very different feeling about the theme and overall point of the game during my play-trough.

    In the RPS piece, John argues that the game's left-to-right, trial and error nature is subtly trying to make a point about what the player will put up with so that he can navigate from left to right, even though he has no discernible purpose for doing so.

    This is an interpretation fundamentally based on game mechanics, and it paints a picture I had not considered - that of Limbo as a commentary on the player.

    My own take on it was first and foremost based on the expectation brought on by the name. Limbo. You can write hundreds of pages on the theological and mythological meaning of the world, and a different cultural perspective might bring in yet another interpretation, but to me, the word evokes kind of hell, a place where lost souls wander waiting for redemption - it is a purgatory, a place between salvation and damnation.

    This interpretation fits quite nicely with the game's aesthetic. Everything has a dark, edgy, menacing feeling to it, and our small character has an innocent, but ghost-like, feeling to it.

    Here the arbitrary death and trial-and-error mechanics make a lot of sense, and the mostly generous check-pointing fits in as well: where John saw a game about teasing the player, I see a game about punishment.

    The world and its masters are making the boy suffer death after death, rewinding time after each one but keeping his memory of the events intact, that he might keep suffering them over and over until he overcomes them, one step closer to redemption.

    [discussion about the ending follows: consider this a spoiler alert]

    And then it ends, in a final, magnificent jump that shatters the boundaries of the boy's hell. Or does it?

    After that final jump, he finds himself in a pristine meadow, no aggression in sight, in the company of a ghost-like girl, much similar to him. And then the game ends. But there's a twist...

    Finally we get to understand that weird title screen, that meadow with two fly-ridden corpses. That meadow exactly like the one in the end, where the children were standing at the spots corpses now reside. The game has come full-circle, and opened a lot of possibilities for interpretation.

    Was the girl the final test, after all the hellish traps, a siren to finally ensnare the boy into eternal damnation?

    Was it the final redemption, after the hero's journey of the boy's soul, the reunion of two souls that were separated by a tragic death at that spot?

    Or was it something altogether more cruel, a true hell for the boy's soul, a never-ending circle of finding his princess and then being taken back to the beginning, forced to forever face the same challenges for the same result, for eternity? And here we have it again - commentary on the nature of games and the player.


    This is my take on Limbo - I don't think I will ever be sure about what the ending means to me - maybe that's the point, maybe it will mean different things in different stages of my life. It's ambiguous narrative will forever be subject to each individual's cultural and intellectual perception of the world.

    What is your take on it?

    (this was a cross-post from my Blog, Video Game Marmite. Don't visit it.)
    Last edited by Ash_firelord; 05-08-2011 at 10:53 AM. Reason: typo (and not the last one, surely)

  2. #2
    Lesser Hivemind Node agentorange's Avatar
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    Jun 2011
    The boy was actually Bruce Willis the whole time! What a twist!

  3. #3
    Obscure Node
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    Jun 2011
    Actually I'd say that it's like this:

    A boy goes to the Limbo - hell for children and good souls which weren't baptized before death - but hell, nobody knows how and it doesn't matter to find his dead sister, which probably died before baptism. He went through this whole stuff dying constantly because it's a game and it has to have some mechanics and after that he actually found his sister but

    a) couldn't get out of Limbo with her 'cause she wasn't baptized
    b) couldn't get out of Limbo with her because he just couldn't get out
    c) decided not to because there's no way to get out
    d) died trying 'cause the ladder broke and killed them both

    And no, there's no depth to this game - sadly. It's interesting for the first bit where you meet other damned children-turned-monsters, and then it changes into bullshit which doesn't make any sense because of the lack of narration. You don't get the tiniest clue from the designers WHY the Limbo from something like a paradise with hotels and stuff turned into this kind of hell so it's all basically meaningless. Or maybe it's "Lord of the Flies" with children making democracy, but ultimately: who cares.

  4. #4
    I think the game ultimately means nothing. 100% style 0% substance.

  5. #5
    Secondary Hivemind Nexus
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    Jun 2011
    0% narrative substance. The game itself is really very good. (I thought).

    If I had to attach a meaning to it, it would be a surreal tale of growth and protection. The general trend of the "world" from forest -> town -> industry implies a chronological procession, something that can be mapped onto the progression of youth to adult. The hostile figures that you encounter in the forest are adults that kill children (if we imagine LIMBO as a dream-world, perhaps the child dreaming it has abusive parents?). The world remains hostile and yet you best all the obstacles. Finding the girl is the fulfillment of your maturation -- you have something to protect.

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