How a cargo plane sets up Playerunknown’s Battlegrounds for greatness

This is The Mechanic, where Alex Wiltshire invites developers to discuss the inner workings of their games. This time, Playerunknown’s Battlegrounds [official site].

Somewhere across Erangel’s 64 square kilometres of towns, villages, hills, rivers and sea, 100 players are running, looting, driving and shooting each other. With every one of them having an average of well over half a square kilometre to themselves, it might sound like playing PUBG is a lonely experience, but in practice it’s anything but. The opening minutes are always intense, demanding strategy and planning. It’s all down to a clever piece of design that relates to how you’re being delivered to this Battle Royale:

THE MECHANIC: Cargo plane

Every match of PUBG begins with every player sitting on a C-130 aircraft flying across the island on a random bearing. 40 or so minutes in the future all but one of them will be dead, but the ride is a few moments of strange camaraderie, of garbled voice comms and flames projecting out of the plane’s fuselage, caused by players who’ve set themselves on fire in the lobby.

Soon they start jumping out. Spin the view so it’s looking backwards and you’ll see clouds of bodies flying from the rear until they’re lost to distance. It looks simultaneously fantastically ridiculous and intimidating: what can your chances of coming first possibly be amongst so many others?

When you pick your moment to leave, you’ll immediately find yourself in freefall. You can aim for landmarks by steering around, dive to gain speed, pop your chute early, or leave it to automatically open at a lower altitude. Either way, it’ll take at least a minute between you jumping out and finally reaching the ground, when it’s time to run for a building and hope there’s something good to equip inside, something that’ll prepare you for the coming battles.

There’s a lot that makes PUBG special to play, but it’s the design of this opening sequence that sets everything working so consistently well. Consider the random course the plane takes. It might cross the island from west to east, or from north to south. Or it might turn the whole thing over, crossing from south-east to north-west, twisting your mental map around. The hothead players who tend to jump out immediately, looking for fights, get their deathmatches somewhere new every match. For the rest of us, the map’s geography is gently remixed. Everything is always right in its usual place, but somehow in a slightly different order. For everyone, the plane’s route makes the island feel just a little fresh each time.

Now consider the freefall sequence. It doesn’t let you glide for miles, but gives you a good deal of choice over where to start searching for the weapons and equipment that’ll give you a fighting chance. As you play, you’ll start to recognise buildings and learn tactics for hiding and fighting in them, making the ground below a patchwork of safety and danger.

Not that the island’s buildings were specifically designed for how they appear in the air. The aim was instead for semi-realism within play-friendly bounds such as ensuring you never have to run for more than 300 or 400 metres between shelter. “As long as it’s realistic on the ground, from above it’s going to look OK,” Playerunknown, otherwise known as Brendan Greene, tells me.

What also guides your choice over where you land is getting to see other players as you fall. They’re particularly visible at low altitude when everyone is parachuting, often causing last-minute changes in destination as you avoid having to encounter others, or take chances on getting the jump on someone who hasn’t realised they have company.

A lot of these features were in the Battle Royale mods and games Greene made before PUBG. But they weren’t in the original DayZ Battle Royale, which started with each player spawning around a central loot cache, setting up an immediate rush for gear before everyone disperses. They instead evolved from his Arma 3 Battle Royale, which originally launched with each player spawning randomly in the air across the map and parachuting down.

“It was to create an air game,” says Greene, who sees the battle royale genre as a series of discrete minigames within a larger one – the looting game, the deathmatch, and the spawning game. “You get to choose when to pull your chute, if you want to glide for ages or to dive. There’s that kind of decision-making process in the air that you can learn to become better at the game.”

Later, once he’d figured out how to script it, he added a cargo plane which would drop players at random points during its flight. It was about adding a little realism: an explanation for how players arrive on the map and avoiding them being arbitrarily distributed across it, as well as a chance to add a little panache. “I always wanted the start of the game to feel like a cinematic experience,” he says. The Arma 3 mod therefore brings in widescreen cinema bars, a grain effect and titles. “It was to get you hyped for the game.”

In Arma 3 BR players don’t get to choose when they jump out, but the parachute lets them glide a lot further than it does in PUBG. “You can stay in the air for almost 20 minutes if you want,” Greene says. As a result, Arma 3 BR’s air game has more flexibility and choice than PUBG, with players scattering widely.

Greene likes the effect this has on the pacing of the game. “When I played DayZ I liked going into empty servers,” he says. “Especially when you’re losing, you don’t want to bump into people, you want to get good gear and then bump into people. It’s a bit cheeky but that’s how I want to play the game, and it’s the same with Battle Royale. If you want to you shouldn’t have to encounter action in that first ten minutes, and that slower starting game allows people to loot. I like that pacing. It’s about winning, so the fighting should happening towards the end. With that slower looting phase you see a lot more action mid- and late-game as you get smaller circles, 20 or 30 people left, which is an insane experience because you’re hearing gunfights all around you.”

He’s a little unclear with me why parachuting distance is reduced in PUBG, though he says a lot of work has gone into balancing it, work that’s still ongoing. “The parachute system is still a work in progress,” he says. “We still haven’t figured out or finalised the way people land and stuff like that, but originally we were sitting down and figuring out how fast it would take the slowest player and fastest player to reach the ground.” But I suspect PUBG’s natural focusing of players makes matches a little more intense and appealing for the genre’s vastly growing audience – a creative choice that’s clearly working – while also allowing more experienced players to still be able to get far away.

What surprises me, however, is that the course the plane takes at the start of the match doesn’t relate in any way to the game’s other systems, such as the distribution of loot or where the circle will focus on. “No, they’re completely separate systems!” Greene says, laughing. “The red zone isn’t affected by where players are, the blue zone doesn’t finish when there are less players. I hear many conspiracy theories about stuff in the game and most of them are not true! It’s crazy what people think.”

Yet, in play, everything relates to that initial jump and fall. You’re always thinking about where you’ll be starting in relation to the circle, and how to find houses that no one has looted yet. That they’re not mechanically linked is an example of how elegantly PUBG’s systems work, naturalistically managing pacing and intensity while giving players choice over how they’ll manage their scramble for survival against all odds.


  1. crazyhalo54 says:

    Don’t want to be rude or anything, but the aircraft in PUBG is a C-130 Hercules, not a C-17 Globemaster III. You can delete this comment after editing the article, if you would like, I don’t care. I just didn’t want you to lose respect for using the wrong aircraft identifier.

    • SenorRoboto says:

      Yeah, I was gonna say. Pretty obvious since it’s turboprop and not turbojets, plus the C17 has winglets.

    • Alex Wiltshire says:

      Ah! Thanks – edited

    • australopithecus says:

      I for one lose all respect for computer game reviewers who don’t correctly identify military cargo planes…

      • dorobo says:


      • Ghostwise says:

        In my tribe, if a reviewer can’t identify a cargo plane we kick them out of the communal cave with but a sharp stick and a loincloth. If they survive exposure and tigers for three nights, only then can they come back.

        • vahnn says:

          My tribe executes them quickly and without ceremony.

          • Ghostwise says:

            And *this* is exactly the sort of reckless policies that lead to tigers going hungry and attacking cattle instead.

            I bet that the hexagon y’all have settled is generating less food and gold already.

    • Sin Vega says:

      Idiot. It’s obviously a Chinook.

  2. cardigait says:

    Beautiful game (to watch, at least, i such at this genre).
    I hear too many lamentations about cheaters lately.

    • Flopper says:

      Anytime someone dies for reasons unknown it’s CHEATER!

      I play every day and have had one moment where I doubted if someone was legitimate.

      There’s a huge L2P issue with this game. When I first started I thought the game was awful because every time I died it was from a misleading direction because I didn’t understand the sound system.

      There are cheaters. They just banned a decent sized wave. But I don’t think any more than every other multiplayer game in the world. If you play MP games, you’ll have cheaters. It’s just the way it is. There aren’t that many to notice though.

    • Crusoe says:

      I’ve got 60 hrs and never died a single death that I felt ‘must’ have been a cheater.

      Cheaters exist in MP games, but what’s probably happening here is PUBG has a huge playerbase, and inevitably a tiny amount cheat, but most of the time the moment they die to someone not directly in their eyeline they assume foulplay.

      • Sin Vega says:

        I once had someone furiously screaming in TF2 that I was USING HACKS!!! because I’d sniped their spy in one shot, who was disguised as a scout. This is pretty much the easiest possible kill in the entire game, even for a very mediocre player.

  3. Pizzzahut says:

    I always thought maybe the Red Zone concentrated on areas where camping was particularly high. Oh well.

    • dangermouse76 says:

      No the red zone is for loading and unloading only. There is no parking in the red zone.

      • Tam-Lin says:

        The white zone is for immediate loading and unloading of passengers only. There is no stopping in the red zone.

        • Ushao says:

          The red zone has always been for loading and unloading of passengers. There’s never stopping in a white zone.

          • TakeMeToChurchill says:

            Listen, Betty, don’t start up with your White Zone shit again.

          • Umama says:

            Oh really, Vernon? Why pretend? We both know perfectly well what this is about. You want me to have an abortion.

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            Aerothorn says:

            It’s really the only sensible thing to do, if it’s done safely. Therapeutically there’s no danger involved.

  4. quintesse says:

    I haven’t played the game. ANd although it definitely sounds interesting I wonder: it seems a “slow” game, so what do you do when you die in the first minute? Is there some reason to stick around, or do people just disconnect and try a different server?

    • Bostec says:

      When you die that’s it, exit to the lobby, queue back up and get into another game. The only servers you can choose are region ones.

      • Ghostwise says:

        It’s really the only sensible thing to do, if its done safely. Therapeutically there’s no danger involved.

        • Darloth says:

          I’m not sure if this is a miscomment that was meant to be in the other thread, but even if it is, right now reading in thread order it is utterly hilarious.

          If it isn’t, and you meant to put it here, then I can only commend you.

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          FesterSilently says:

          I, also, came by to applaud you, sir or madam. ;)

    • Crusoe says:

      Providing you’re running the game on an SSD, there’s a very, very small wait between death and the next game, around 2 minutes.

    • DThor says:

      Until yesterday it was the only game I bought during the Steam sale (and it wasn’t on sale) and have yet to regret it. It’s not what I would describe as slow, because it can be over in 5 minutes and a few minutes later you’re in another game, but they’ve been doing a great job of extracting *very* tense pleasure from long stretches of no gunfire and minimizing the simple tedious running. For me it’s the perfect balance of stealth and shooty – you need and want to kill the other players, but the moment you do your gunshots ring out across the land, giving away your location. The supply drops keep the action alive as mini-battlegrounds. As long as they keep up the great tuning work and the player base is there (it’s ridiculously huge atm with little signs of shrinking) it’s going to be successful.

  5. poliovaccine says:

    More than a little disappointed you guys seem to have reverted to abbreviating it as PUBG – I was tickled brown by “Plunkbat.”

  6. AdamDenton says:

    I’m fairly certain this game raises my heart rate more than any other title in all of videogames. Is it safe to be sitting perfectly motionlesss, eyes glued to a screen but with your heart jumping out of your chest? At least it feels like I’m burning lots of calories.

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      MOOncalF says:

      Yeah this game has given me adrenaline hits I didn’t think I could get anymore.

  7. trjp says:

    So it should really be BG’s BGs – BGBG or BugBug? :)

    I watch a lot of this – absolutely zero desire to play it but it has a streaming community who make it genuinely interesting to watch and it’s janky enough to provide the lolz…

    Has some interesting mechanics for sure, but you need to consider that most of your playtime is looking for loot and travelling – it’s a shooter where shooting is a VERY small part of the game and I think this makes people feel they’re “doing better than they actually are”??

    Final position seems to be as much about how long you can avoid everyone as how good you are at shooting people – it’s possible a total noob could win with 1 shot (LGR wasn’t far-off that!!)

    Only bit which doesn’t work (as an observer) is the redzone – it’s just not particularly dangerous. One streamer suggested it should continue spreading/increasing in ferocity until it’s killed at least 1 person – that would improve things enormously!!

    • fish99 says:

      The fact that it’s not constant killing/dying is actually what makes it good, because when you die and repawn every 5 seconds in a regular deathmatch game it becomes meaningless. When you’ve spent 40 minutes looting gear, successfully killed 5 players, barely surviving several fights, and made it to the last few players, the tension and thrill if you win is a hundred times higher.

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        DuncUK says:

        The one thing this type of game has over just about any large scale multiplayer shooter is that nobody ever respawns. I hate Battlefield games for that reason in particular, you can be engaged in a firefight with one other guy only for his team to use him as a spawn point. It’s almost impossible to have situational awareness in a game where players can literally teleport into the action.

        In PUBG, you can see the location of every person as they parachute in, make mental notes of how many people you saw land near you and if you die unexpectedly then to some degree it is always your fault. It seems fair, even in its unfairness.

  8. fish99 says:

    … and don’t call me Shirley!

  9. bi4kivtomate says:

    add plz IL76 and AN-124 , according to NATO classification “Condor”, thank u very much))

  10. WJonathan says:

    “what can your chances of coming first possibly be amongst so many others?”

    Well, see, ummm…

  11. kentonio says:

    The comments here remind me that RPS really does have the best comments section on the internet. :)

  12. Spungles says:

    I bought PUBG this week and loving it. I’ve been watching on Twitch and was certain it would run like a dog on my laptop. Then I remembered that I could get a refund so I dived in. Or out of the plane, more precisely.

    I love that it rewards patience and observation instead of charging around. I’ve done that already for years in many games. The long looting section is repetitive but worth the build up an usually funny when I die. A great contrast to what I’ve seen of Battlefield and CS:GO, those would just annoy me.