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Minecraft Enchantments list: how to make and use an Enchanting Table

A full list of Enchantments available with a Minecraft Enchanting Table

Want to know more about Enchantments in Minecraft 1.19? Enchantments are incredibly useful for any Minecraft player. You can gain a range of effects, including an increased amount of resources gathered, or increased power to defeat powerful enemies like the Wither and the Warden. In Minecraft 1.19, the new Swift Sneak enchantment will also let you move faster while sneaking, which is a must-have when you want to explore the Deep Dark without triggering the Warden.

If you want to delve deeper into the world of enchantments, or would just like an introduction on how to make an Enchanting Table, you’ve come to the right place.

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How to make an Enchanting Table

To make an Enchanting Table, you need to combine 4 Obsidian, 2 Diamonds, and a Book in a Crafting Table, in the following arrangement:

The recipe for making an Enchanting Table in Minecraft.

Wherever you place your Enchanting Table in your base or house, you should surround it with Bookshelf blocks (each with a tile of air between itself and the Enchanting Table). Each Bookshelf block in range will increase the max possible enchant level by +2, so to reach the max enchant level of 30, you'll need 15 Bookshelves arranged in an outline around your Enchanting Table, as illustrated in the below screenshot.

An Enchanting Table in Minecraft, surrounded by 15 Bookshelf blocks.

How does Enchanting work in Minecraft?

To enchant an item, right-click on an Enchanting Table and pop the item in the first slot. Three options for enchantments will appear for you to select.

Place 1-3 Lapis Lazuli in the second slot to unlock the different available enchantments (top enchantment requires 1 Lapis, middle requires 2, bottom requires 3).

Hover over each enchantment to see the enchantment type and level. Then click on the desired enchantment to apply it to your item. That's all there is to it!

Enchanting a Netherite Sword using a Minecraft Enchanting Table.

Actually that's a blatant lie. There's an awful lot more to enchanting than meets the eye. As well as surrounding your Enchanting Table with Bookshelves, another way to increase your chances of getting high level enchantments is by increasing your XP level. An XP level of 30 will unlock the most powerful enchantments.

It's also worth knowing that the material type of the item you're enchanting has a bearing on the likelihood of more powerful enchantments appearing. The material type with the highest "enchantability" is Gold, followed by Netherite, then Leather and Chain (for Armor) or Wood and Iron (for weapons and tools).

An item can hold multiple enchantments, as long as they don't conflict with each other (see the table of enchantments below). You can't have an item with two of the same enchantment type, but many enchantment types have different levels of power. Sharpness, for example, has five levels, with Sharpness V (5) offering the highest damage potential.

Minecraft Enchantments list

Enchantment Effect Applicable Items Incompatible with Max Level
Unbreaking Increases durability All weapons, armor, and tools 3
Mending XP orbs repair the item All weapons, armor, and tools Infinity 1
Curse of Vanishing Item is destroyed upon death All weapons, armor, and tools 1
Fire Aspect Sets target on fire Sword 2
Knockback Hit mobs are knocked backwards Sword 2
Looting Extra loot from mobs killed by weapon Sword 3
Sweeping Edge (Java only) Bonus sweep attack DMG Sword 3
Bane of Arthropods Slows and deals bonus DMG vs spiders, silverfish, endermites, and bees Sword, Axe* Sharpness, Smite 5
Sharpness Increases DMG Sword, Axe* Bane of Arthropods, Smite 5
Smite Bonus DMG vs undead mobs Sword, Axe* Bane of Arthropods, Sharpness 5
Efficiency (Axe) Increase stun chance vs shields Axe 5
Impaling Bonus DMG vs ocean-spawning mobs Trident 5
Channeling During thunderstorms, lightning strikes target hit by Trident Trident Riptide 1
Loyalty Trident returns after being thrown Trident Riptide 3
Riptide Trident launches player with itself when thrown, functions only in water or rain Trident Channeling, Loyalty 3
Flame Arrows set targets on fire Bow 1
Infinity Shooting doesn't consume arrows Bow Mending 1
Power Increases DMG Bow 5
Punch Increases arrow knockback Bow 2
Multishot Shoots 3 arrows at once Crossbow Piercing 1
Piercing Arrows can pierce through enemies and shields Crossbow Multishot 4
Quick Charge Faster reload time Crossbow 3
Efficiency (Tools) Increases mining speed Tools 5
Fortune Chance for duplicate item drops when mining certain blocks Tools Silk Touch 3
Silk Touch Mined blocks drop themselves exactly as they are. Tools Fortune 1
Luck of the Sea Increase chances of finding rare loot while fishing Fishing Rod 3
Lure Lower wait time until fish, junk, and loot "bite" Fishing Rod 3
Curse of Binding Items cannot be removed from armor slots unless due to breaking or death Armor* 1
Blast Protection Decreases explosion DMG and knockback Armor Other Protection enchants 4
Fire Protection Decreases fire DMG and burn time Armor Other Protection enchants 4
Projectile Protection Decreases projectile damage Armor Other Protection enchants 4
Protection Decreases damage taken Armor Other Protection enchants 4
Aqua Affinity Increases underwater mining speed Helmet, Turtle Shell 1
Respiration Increases underwater breathing time Helmet, Turtle Shell 3
Thorns Reflects some of the damage taken when hit, but reduces durability Chestplate, Armor* 3
Depth Strider Increases underwater move speed Boots Frost Walker 3
Frost Walker Turns water beneath player into frosted ice, immunity to magma block damage Boots Depth Strider 2
Feather Falling Decreases fall damage Boots 4
Soul Speed Increases move speed over Soul Sand Boots 3
Swift Sneak Increases movement speed while sneaking Trousers* Frost Walker, Depth Strider, and Soul Speed 3

* Asterisks indicate that the enchantment can only be applied to that type of item by using an Enchanted Book on the item; they cannot be given said enchantment straight from the Enchanting Table.

Enchantments, along with Potions, are some of the very best endgame benefits that you can give yourself when gearing up to take on powerful mobs or other players on PvP Minecraft servers. If you're looking to give your Enchanting room a makeover, be sure to check out our list of the best Minecraft Texture Packs, or consult our list of the most beautiful Minecraft Shaders. If you're starting a new world for Minecraft 1.19 and want a good start, take a look at our lists of the best Bedrock seeds and best Java seeds in Minecraft.

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