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Genshin Impact Elemental Reactions: All elemental reactions and resonances

The world of Teyvat's elements, their effects and reactions explained

How do Elemental Reactions and Elemental Resonances work in Genshin Impact? Elements are a key feature of Genshin Impact, taking centre-stage in terms of both story and gameplay. In-story, the seven elements of Pyro, Cryo, Hydro, Electro, Geo, Dendro, and Anemo govern the seven nations of Teyvat and are characteristic of the seven Archons (gods) who rule them. In your playable party, your characters' innate elements (known as their Visions, granted to them by said Archons) can be applied to enemies to deal damage and trigger special reactions when used in combination.

Thanks to this, combat in Genshin Impact can feel like anything from a seven-way game of rock-paper-scissors to messing about with an extremely overpowered chemistry kit, with a delightful range of spectacular results. Read on for details of the elements in Genshin Impact and all their effects, including a full list of their reactions and resonances when used in combination.


Genshin Impact Elemental Reactions

When two elements combine, you'll get an Elemental Reaction. These can impact both the player and the enemy, so you'll want to learn them to become an expert on the right moves to go for and avoid in every situation.

Here's a list of all the elemental reactions and their effects:

  • Burning (Dendro + Pyro) - Deals Pyro damage over time
  • Crystallize (Geo + Cryo/Electro/Hydro/Pyro) - Drops a crystal depending on the element, which acts as an elemental shield
  • Electro-Charged (Electro + Hydro) - Deals Electro damage over time
  • Frozen (Hydro + Cryo) - Freezes the target (they can't move)
  • Melt (Cryo + Pyro) - Afflicted enemies take extra damage: double if Pyro triggers Melt, and 1.5x if Cryo does
  • Overloaded (Electro + Pyro) - Deals AoE Pyro damage
  • Superconduct (Electro + Cryo) - Deals AoE Cryo damage and reduces defence
  • Swirl (Anemo + Cryo/Pyro/Electro/Hydro) - Deals extra damage of that element over a wider area
  • Vaporize (Hydro + Pyro) - Afflicted enemies take extra damage: double if Hydro triggers Vaporize, and 1.5x if Pyro does

At the time of writing, there are no playable Dendro characters in the game and only a small number of Dendro enemies. Therefore, your party can't inflict the Burning reaction by design, although it's possible to trigger it when fighting a Dendro enemy with a playable Pyro unit.


Genshin Impact Elemental Resonances

Elemental resonance is a passive effect that triggers when your party members fulfil elemental requirements. You don't need to do anything to activate them other than going to Paimon's menu and sorting out your party with 'Party Setup'. Here's all the elemental reactions available at the moment in Genshin Impact:

  • Enduring Rock (2 x Geo) - Interruption resistance up, when you have a shield attack damage up by 15%
  • Fervent Flames (2 x Pyro) - Cryo affects you for 40% less time, attack up by 25%
  • Soothing Waters (2 x Hydro) - Pyro affects you for 40% less time, healing increased by 30%
  • Impetuous Winds (2 x Anemo) - Decrease stamina consumption by 15%
  • High Voltage (2 x Electro) - Hydro effect active for 40% less time, Superconduct, Overload, and Electro-Charged have a 100% chance to generate an Electro elemental particle
  • Shattering Ice (2 x Cryo) - Electro effect active for 40% less time, crit rate up 15% against Frozen or Cryo-effected enemies
  • Protective Canopy (any four unique elements) - All elemental resistance up 15%

It's worth remembering that story characters available as demos during missions do not impact elemental resonance.

The national seat of Mondstadt in Genshin Impact, the city seen from above.

The seven elements of Genshin Impact explained

Each of the elements in Genshin Impact corresponds to one of the seven gods of the world of Teyvat, which is ever-expanding. Currently, the available regions are Mondstadt (Anemo), Liyue (Geo), and Inazuma (Electro), but the four remaining nations of Teyvat are planned to be added in future updates. Here's all the elements in Genshin Impact and their corresponding nations (along with their projected release dates):

  • Anemo (Wind/Air) - Mondstadt (in the game since launch)
  • Geo (Rock/Stone/Earth) - Liyue (in the game since launch)
  • Electro (Lightning/Electricity) - Inazuma (added Summer 2021)
  • Dendro (Grass/Wood/Plants) - Sumeru (planned addition for Summer 2022)
  • Hydro (Water) - Fontaine (planned addition for Summer 2023)
  • Pyro (Fire) - Natlan (planned addition for Summer 2024)
  • Cryo (Ice) - Snezhnaya (planned addition for Summer 2025)

Elemental hazards and area debuffs

When exploring Genshin Impact's many domains (dungeons), some elements present can inflict Ley Line Disorders within an aura without any specific enemy applying them to the members of your party. These debuffs force you to change up your combat style, or at least plan a little differently to work around the issues they cause. These are:

  • Engulfing Storm (Electro) - drains energy recharge
  • Slowing Water (Hydro) - increases skill cooldown time (around 80% slower)
  • Smouldering Flames (Pyro) - inflicts damage over time
  • Condensed Ice (Cryo) - increases stamina consumption

It's sometimes possible to temporarily cleanse the effects of these debuffs while they're active within an aura, usually by applying an elemental skill that reacts with the debuffing element, since self-application of an elemental skill does not deal damage to the user. Some Electro/Hydro/Pyro/Cryo shield characters can provide this level of protection to their entire party for a brief span of time.


That's all for our elemental reactions guide! Hopefully you're all ready to rumble with your party's elemental abilities. If you're still not sure what party members you need, you could always check out our Genshin Impact tier list page, or find out how to get more stuff with Primogems and Wishes.

About the Author

Rebecca Jones avatar

Rebecca Jones

Guides Writer

Rebecca can usually be found working through her latest fiction-induced anguish by recreating all those lovely doomed characters in The Sims. More recently she discovered a fondness for Genshin Impact, which she pitches to bewildered friends as "Pokémon but with hot people instead of made-up animals". She also loves horror games and will play them at any opportunity, despite the fact that they make her so panicked she once threw her controller in a self-defence reflex. (The controller survived; Rebecca's dignity did not.)

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